ENERGY EFFICIENCY DIRECTIVE (2012/27/EU) - LAW 4342/2015 (GOV. GAZETTE Β' 143)
The 2012 Energy Efficiency Directive establishes a set of binding measures to help the EU reach its 20% energy efficiency target by 2020. Under the Directive, all EU countries are required to use energy more efficiently at all stages of the energy chain, from production to final consumption.
On 30 November 2016 the Commission proposed an update to the Energy Efficiency Directive, including a new 30% energy efficiency target for 2030, and measures to make sure the new target is met.
New national measures must ensure major energy savings for consumers and industry alike. For example:
• Energy distributors or retail energy sales companies have to achieve 1.5% energy savings per year through the implementation of energy efficiency measures
• EU countries can opt to take other policy measures to achieve energy savings among final customers, such as improving the efficiency of heating systems, installing double glazed windows or insulating roofs
• The public sector in EU countries should purchase energy efficient buildings, products and services
• Every year, governments in EU countries must carry out energy efficient renovations on at least 3% (by floor area) of the buildings they own and occupy
• Energy consumers should be empowered to better manage consumption. This includes easy and free access to consumption data.
• National incentives for SMEs to undergo energy audits
• Large companies will make audits of their energy consumption to help them identify ways to reduce it
• Monitoring efficiency levels in new energy generation capacities.
Law No. 4342/2015 (Greek Government Gazette A’ 143), Article 10
Ministerial Decision 175275/22.05.2018 (Greek Government Gazette Β΄ 1927/30.05.2018)
According to Article 10 of Law No. 4342/2015, the option for high quality energy audits, which must be necessarily cost-effective, should be provided to all end-consumers. These audits are divided into three categories, as follows:
a) Category A: residential buildings, office buildings of a surface of up to two thousand square meters (2,000 m2), shops of a surface of up to two thousand square meters (2,000 m2) and professional workshops with total installed motive power not exceeding twenty two kilowatts (22 kW) or a thermal one not exceeding fifty kilowatts (50 kW).
b) Category B: office buildings of a surface of above two thousand square meters (2,000 m2), shop premises of a surface of above two thousand square meters (2,000 m2), other buildings used to house installations of the third sector (such as school buildings, hotels, hospitals etc.) and industrial and craft businesses with total installed power not exceeding one thousand kilowatts (1,000 kW).
c) Category C: industrial and craft businesses with total installed power exceeding one thousand kilowatts (1,000 kW).
Energy audits are independent and are carried out by one or more specialized energy auditors (registered in the Energy Auditors’ Register of the Ministry of Environment and Energy). The report results of the energy audits are submitted by the energy auditors to the Energy Audit Record of Ministry of Environment and Energy.
The businesses that are not SMEs (businesses with at least 250 employees, the turnover of which exceeds EUR 50 million or the annual balance of which exceeds EUR 43 million) must undergo an energy audit carried out in an independent and cost-effective manner by energy auditors within 1 year from the entry into force of the Law and, after that, they must undergo a new audit within 4 years at the latest from the date the previous energy audit was carried out.
The businesses that are not SMEs and implement an energy or environmental management system certified by an independent body, in accordance with the relevant European or international standards (e.g. ISO 50001), are exempt from the above audit obligation by energy auditors, on condition that this management system includes an energy audit based on the minimum criteria as defined in the Law.
The energy audits can be individual or form part of a broader environmental audit. They must also include an evaluation of the technical and economic feasibility of the connection with a district heating or cooling network, already existing or under construction.
What do the Energy Audits include?
The scope of the energy audit must cover at least the ninety percent (90%) of the business’s total energy consumption.
In order to enable the focus on the main energy uses during the energy audit, firstly the energy baseline is defined.
The base period for the creation of the energy baseline includes at least the last twelve (12) consecutive months within the last two (2) years prior to the execution of the energy audit. It is also universal for all energy sources.
Businesses that implement an energy or environmental management system as defined in Law No. 4342/2015, which does not cover the ninety percent (90%) of the total energy consumption must undergo an energy audit only for the remaining rate or to broaden the scope of the energy or environmental management system, until that threshold is reached.
The energy audits concern the total energy consumption of the legally independent businesses based in Greece.
What does the energy audit results report include and how is it submitted?
The energy audit results report includes:
a) the data collection methodology,
b) the drafting of energy balance for the provided and final energy use,
c) the identification of energy saving indicators and the creation of an energy consumption baseline,
d) the evaluation of the current situation of energy performance, and
e) the detection and analysis of the life cycle cost, where possible, for the purposes of recording immediate and future costs of the suggested alternative energy saving plans.